Chlordiazepoxide is a sedative that can be prescribed for alcoholism to help treat anxiety, tremors, and other withdrawal symptoms. When this medication is taken, it causes the brain to release a natural chemical in the body that calms down most people.
Disulfiram (Antabuse) is an alcohol deterrent that helps prevent alcohol consumption. Disulfiram causes an extremely unpleasant feeling (nausea or vomiting) in people if taken when consuming alcohol. This is often prescribed in alcoholism treatment centers.
Acamprosate (Campral) is a medication that helps restore the chemical imbalance in the brain caused by alcohol abuse. Once alcohol is no longer present in the body, it has to readjust, so this medication helps the brain and body adapt to an environment without alcohol.
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) prescriptions help the body properly use carbs and increase brain function. Thiamine is used to improve the memory and cognitive function in people who are recovering from alcoholism. Most alcoholics will suffer from Thiamine deficiency.